Lubao is noted for rice, sugar cane, fish, and sampaguita. The first printing press in the country was set up in the town by the Augustinian friars. At one time it was a nucleus of the Philippine movie industry because of many Lubenian leading actors, directors, producers, screen writers, and cinematographers. Many Lubenians also made their mark as artists, writers, and poets, especially in the propagation of Kapampangan culture.Legend & History
Lubao is one of the oldest towns in Pampanga, if not in Central Luzon. It is believed to have been founded by the Malays and was already established when the first Spaniards led by Martin de Goiti set foot on its soil in September, 1571. Originally referred to as Baba Lubao, meaning lowland (opposite of 'bakulud,' meaning upland), Lubao was also called Baras (from Spanish 'barras,' meaning sandbars). Even today, some Kapampangans still refer to the town Baba (just as they continue to refer to Bacolor as Bakulud).
In 1572, the Catholic Church was built by the Agustinian friars led by the Rev. Father Juan Callegos. The first printing press in the island was established in their church convent in 1602.
While the Filipino soldiers were in retreat during the Filipino-American War, the town church became the temporary and emergency seat of the Aguinaldo government.
During World War II, the national warehouse or bodega located in the town served as arsenal of the American Army and so it became one of the main targets of the Japanese bombing missions. The infamous Death March passed through the town. The town people exerted effort, risking their lives, to help the marchers by giving them food or medicines. Quite a number of the marchers escaped through the assistance and encouragement of the people.
In the course of the Japanese occupation, underground movements or guerilla units were organized against the enemy. These were the United States Armed Forces in the Far East (USAFFE) and the Hukbo ng Bayan Laban sa Hapon HUKBALAHAP). The latter had a series of encounters with the enemy. As retaliatory action, the Japanese formed Zonas in the suspected strongholds of the town which served as a sort of Fort Santiago.
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